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60 dangerous fact about Earthquake

according to wikipedia.org An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth‘s lithosphere that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes can range in size from those that are so weak that they cannot be felt to those violent enough to toss people around and destroy whole cities.

  1. A massive 8 earthquake in Chile relocates the entire town of Concepción ten feet to the west on 02/27/2010. This quake additionally shortened Earth’s day and slightly modified the rotation of the earthThe earthquake is known as the deadliest hit Shansi, China on 01/23/1556. approximately830,000 (eight-hundred and thirty thousand) individuals died.
  2. Earthquakes kill an estimated of 8,000 (eight thousand) individuals annually and have caused an approximately 13,000,000 (thirteen million) deaths within the past 4,000 years.
  3. The moment magnitude scale (MMS) replaced the 1930s-era Richter scale within the Seventies because the technique of measuring the scale of earthquakes in terms of energy discharged.
  4. The ocean earthquake in 2004 generated abundant energy to power all the homes and businesses in the U.S.A for 3 days. a normal earthquake lasts around a moment.
  5. In Japan mythology, an enormous catfish known as Namazu is the causes for earthquake aftershocks occur as a result of the displaced faulty line and crust are adjusting to the consequences of the most Larger earthquakes will have aftershocks that last for years.
  6. Shock waves made by physicist waves or waves that roll through the Earth’s surface—in distinction to area waves or Love waves—can travel very far enough upward to cause a distraction within the ionosphere. The ionosphere is the layer of Earth’s atmosphere concerning 50-300 miles (80-480 km) on top of the Earth’s surface.
  7. Parkfield, California, is well known as “The Earthquake Capital of the World” and incorporates a bridge that spans two tectonic plates.
  8. Earthquakes are principally caused by earth science faults, however, they’ll even be caused by landslides, nuclear testing, mine tests, and volcanic activity.
  9. The “focus” or “hypocenter” is that the earthquake’s initial purpose of rupture. Its “epicenter” is that the point at ground level on top of the hypocenter
  10. In the ancient Balkan state, Greece, individuals believed that the god of the ocean, Poseidon, caused earthquakes. once he was angry, Poseidon would strike the bottom along with his spear and begin an earthquake. His unpredictable, violent behavior obtain him the nickname “Earth-Shaker.
  11. More earthquakes happen Northern part of hemisphere than in the Southern part of the hemisphere.
  12. In Hindu mythology, Earth is command in situ by eight mammoth elephants, all balanced on the rear of turtle, that itself stands on the coils of a snake. If any of those animals shift or move, an earthquake happens.
  13. An earthquake beneath the ocean will cause a wave that travels outward altogether directions up to 600 miles (970 km) per hour, the speed of a jet. once the wave reaches the bounds, it suddenly rolls up to heights of over a hundred feet (30 meters) inflicting large.
  14. The worst avalanche triggered by an earthquake occurred in Peru in 1970. An 800-meter wave of ice, mud, and rock fell down the mountain in Huascaran at 250 miles (400 km) per hour. It transports the entire villages and killed over 18,000 individual.
  15. The world’s worst landslide started by an earthquake which occurred in 1920 within the Gansu province in China. The landslide killed over 200,000 people.
  16. The highest tsunami caused by an earthquake happened in Japan in 1771. A tsunami 278 feet (85 meters) high stricken Ishigaki Island.
  17. The shape of a temple in India is well known for resisting harm from earthquakes.
  18. The term “tectonic” is very related to the word “texture” and is from the Greek tektonikos which mean “pertaining to assembling,” from the Proto-Indo-European base *tek, “to make.”
  19. Tectonic plates move lesser than three inches (17 cm) annually However, a tectonic plate movement of simply 20cm is enough cause of a serious earthquake, like the 6.9 Kobe earthquake in 1995.
  20. Scientists developed the idea of plate tectonic theory within the mid-twentieth century.
  21. There are four sorts of faults within the earth: traditional, reverse, thrust, and strike-up.
  22. A quake is taken into account major once it registers more than 7.0 on the instant magnitude scale. A magnitude of 3.0 or lower is sort of indiscernible.
  23. The 1906 earthquake in CA, California was before the Richter scale; however, scientists estimate it might rank as a 7.8. The maximum amount is 90% of the harm in San Francisco was from fires caused by cracked gas pipes. San Francisco was on fire for 3 days and nights.
  24. The 1906 CA, California earthquake was one of the primary major disasters to be recorded by photography.
  25. Nearly 2,000 years past, a Chinese astronomer named Zhang Heng (A.D. 78-139) introduced the world’s initial earthquake detector. It can detect an earthquake as far as 370 miles (600km) away.
  26. Nearly 80%of the world largest earthquakes occur close to the “Ring of fireside,” that could be a horseshoe-shaped region within the Pacific ocean where several tectonic plates meet. The second-most earthquake-prone space is a region referred to as the Alpide Belt, which incorporates countries like Turkey, India, and Pakistan.
  27. An earthquake in A.D.1201the JapaneseJapanese Mediterranean has tagged the worst earthquake in history claimed over one million.
  28. The 853-foot (260-meter) high Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco has been designed to face up to study earthquakes.
  29. Earthquakes occur solely within the Earth’s crust. Deep earthquakes originate in crust that’s slippery down below another tectonic plate. the foremost devastating earthquakes are those who are sturdy and shallow with the main target point lesser than 20 miles (32 km) underground which occurs in extremely inhabited.
  30. Earthquakes will set off volcanoes, as was the case within the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption and therefore the Mount Etna eruption in 2002.
  31. Scientists think that animals might sense weak tremors before a quake. different scientists suppose that animals might sense electrical signals go away by the shifting of underground rocks.
  32. The ancient Greeks believed that earthquakes were caused by winds speeding out from caves within the Earth.
  33. the longest earthquake that ever happens was the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake which lasted for ten minutes.
  34. Englishman John Milne who was a scientist invented the seismography in 1880.
  35. United State scientist Charles Richter was the one who invented the Richter scale in 1935.
  36. There are over 1,300,000 earthquakes annually (two per day) with magnitudes of 2.9 or lower.
  37. approximately one earthquake with a magnitude of 8.0 or higher happens annually.
  38. The largest earthquake in modern history was a 9.5 and happened in Chile in 1960. It caused large ocean waves as far as 6,000 miles (10,000 km) away.
  39. The largest earthquake in the. on record was a 9.2 quake that happens in Alaska in 1964.
  40. An earthquake will unleash over hundred times extra energy than the nuclear bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan in 1945.
  41. Before an earthquake happens, ponds and canals might provide off a weird this is often caused by the discharge of gases underground. The temperature of spring water may also become hotter.
  42. An earthquake on the moon is termed a moonquake. Moonquakes are usually weaker than earthquakes.
  43. Though the ground moved for only about concerning twenty seconds throughout the 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake, over 5,000 individuals were killed, 300,000 individuals were left homeless, and over 100,000 buildings were destroyed.
  44. The earthquake in the capital of Portugal, Lisbon, in 1775 caused waves on the surface of Scotland’s Loch Ness, more than 1,240 miles (2,000 km) away.
  45. The 1964 American state, Alaska 9.2 quake lasted four minutes and dropped treats 20 feet (6 meters) which is not usual. It caused flooding on the coast of Hawaii, more than 3,000 miles away.
  46. The first recorded earthquake in A, California was in 1769 by Gaspar de Portola, an explorer, and Spanish officer.
  47. The San Andreas Fault is moving over 2 inches a year pair of inches a year, concerning an equivalent rate fingernail grow. At this rate, San Francisco and Los Angeles are going to be next to each in 15 million years.
  48. Alaska is the most earthquake-prone state in the U.S.
  49. The earliest recorded earthquake can be traced back to 1831 B.C. within the Shandong province in China.
  50. Aristotle was the first person to note that soft ground shakes more than hard ground.
  51. Japan is one in all the foremost earthquake-prone nations on the planet. Thousands of earthquakes occur in Japan once a year; however, most of them are terrible
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  52. In 2006, geologists found 3new faults in northern  The faults run underneath little cities and vineyards in Mendocino County.
  53. The San Andres is one of the longest fault zones on the planet. It is a geological fault and runs over 800 miles (1,280 km) from San Francisco through southern California to Mexico. The San Andres fault isn’t only one fault however it’s really created from several.
  54. The 9.0 earthquake that affected Japan March 11th, 2011 was the worst earthquake in Japan’s history. It created a tsunami with waves as high as thirty feet (10 meters) and severely broke atomic power plants.
  55. Japan’s 9.0 earthquakes in 2011 not solely moved the island nearer to the U.S. it additionally shifted the planet’s axis by 6.5 inches.
  56. The devastating 2011 earthquake in Japan created a huge186-mile long and 93-mile wide rift 15 miles underneath the ocean.
  57. Japan’s huge 2011 earthquake shifted the earth’s mass toward the middle, inflicting the world to spin quicker and shortening the day by 1.6 microseconds. The 2004 Sumatra quake shorted the day by 6.8 microseconds.
  58. Because earthquake-prone Japan had placed high-technology sensors around the country after its 1995 quake, Japan’s 2011 earthquake is the best-recorded earthquake in history.

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