Of the most important religion in the world, Christianity and Judaism are probably the most similar to all religion in the world. Christianity and Judaism believe in one God who is almighty, present, eternal, omniscient, and infinite. Both religions believe a God who is holy, righteous, and just, whereas at the same time loving, merciful, and, forgiving.
Christianity and Judaism share the same Hebrew Scriptures which is (the Old Testament) because of the verifiable Word of God, though Christianity includes the New Testament also. both Christianity and Judaism believe in the existence of heaven, the eternal home for the righteous, and hell, the eternal home for the wicked (although not all Christians and Jews believe in the existence of hell). Christianity and Judaism have essentially a similar ethical code of conduct, normally called these days as Judeo-Christian. both Judaism and Christianity teach that God has a unique plan for the Israelite and also the Jewish people.
The all-important distinction between Christianity and Judaism is the Person of Jesus Christ. Christianity teaches that Jesus Christ is that the fulfillment of the will prophecy of a returning Messiah / Savior (Isaiah 7:14; 9:6-7; Micah 5:2). Judaism generally acknowledges Jesus Christ as a prophet of God, and, as a good, and, honest teacher. Judaism doesn’t believe that Jesus Christ was the Messiah. Taking it a step more, Christianity teaches that Jesus Christ was God in the flesh (John 1:1,14; Hebrews 1:8). Christianity teaches that God transforms into a human being in the Person of Jesus Christ thus He can lay down His life to pay the worth for our sins (Romans 5:8; two Corinthians 5:21). Judaism strongly opposes that Jesus Christ was God or that such a sacrifice was compulsory.
Jesus Christ is that the all-important difference between Christianity and Judaism. The Person and work of Jesus Christ is the one main problem that Christianity and Judaism can’t agree on. Matthew 15:24, Jesus declared that “I was sent solely to the lost sheep of Israel.” The spiritual leaders of Israel in Jesus’ time asked Him, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?” Jesus replied, ‘yes I am,’ … And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven” (Mark 14:61-62). However, they didn’t believe His words or accept Him as the Messiah.
Jesus Christ is that the fulfillment of the Hebrew prophecies of a returning Messiah. Psalm 22:14-18 explain an occasion that can’t be denied just like Jesus’ crucifixion, “I am poured out like water, and my bones are out of joint. My heart has turned to wax; it has melted away within me. My strength is dried up sort of a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death. Dogs have encircled me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they need puncture my hands and my feet. I will count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my clothing.” Clearly, this messianic prophecy is none aside from Jesus Christ whose crucifixion fulfilled each of those details (Luke 23; John 19).
There is no more specific description of Jesus than Isaiah 53:3-6, “He was detested and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and accustomed to suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was detested, and that we honored him not. For sure he took up our mental weakness and carried our sorrows, nevertheless we think of him as someone tormented by God, smitten by him, and by his wounds, we are cured. We all, like sheep, have gone wide, everybody has turned to his own way; and also the LORD has placed on him the sin we have all committed.”
Saint Paul, a Jew and a strict supporter of Judaism, experience Jesus Christ of Nazareth in a vision (Acts 9:1-9) and me on to become the best witness for Christ and also the author of virtually half of the New Testament book.
Paul understood the distinction between Christianity and Judaism more than anyone. What was Paul’s message to the Jew? “I am not embarrassed about the gospel (of Jesus Christ), as a result of it’s the ability of God for the salvation of everybody who believes: initial for the Jew, then for the Gentile” (Romans 1:16).