Beginning in 2001, the US military raided Afghanistan to first overthrow the Taliban, and then gradually ensured that the Taliban were completely eradicated from the Afghan territory while rebuilding the country’s core institutions. The United States has also implemented counter-insurgency forces in the country to protect civilians from Taliban attacks and to allow the Afghan government to establish its status steadily in the country. However, despite all the measures taken, rebel conflicts and Taliban attacks continue to persist in the country. The current war situation in Afghanistan continues to kill civilian lives through bombings, exchanges of fire, assassinations and improvised explosive devices.
The long history of Iraq has been repeatedly damaged by the ravages of war. The Second Kurdish-Iraq War in (1974-1975), Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the Gulf War (1990-1991) were some of the major wars that Iraq has had in the past century. In 2003, US troops invaded Iraq to overthrow the Iraqi government led by Saddam Hussein, which eventually led to Saddam’s defeat in the war and his subsequent death. Wars and conflicts also seem to plague this country, as most of the country is under the control of the Iraqi civil war. In 2014, when the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as the Islamic State) conquered the main areas of northern Iraq, the Iraqi rebellion became a civil war. ISIS militants have not confined their actions to only Iraq, and they have also threatened most parts of the world with extreme violence. This has forced the United States, Iran, Syria, and other countries to help the Iraqi government boycott the growth and proliferation of Islamic State militants. A shocking study shows that about 500,000 Iraqis, including those who died directly or indirectly, lost their lives in the war between 2003 and 2011.
At present, the seriousness of the situation in the Syrian civil war has aroused global concern. The war began in the early spring of 2011 when Arab spring protests spread in Syria. Revolutionary demonstrations and protests swept through Syria and demanded the eradication of President Bashar al-Assad’s government. Government forces responded violently to these protests, which were severely criticized by the European Union and the United Nations. Civilian protests quickly turned into armed rebellions and escalated into the current Syrian civil war. The war has displaced more than 11 million Syrians from their homes and claimed at least 250,000 lives. Although the peace initiative has been tried, fighting will continue until the end of 2017.
Countries Currently Experiencing War
Ukraine is struggling between the Russian government in the East and the influence of the Western European Union. After Russia annexed Crimea in March 2014 and violated the ceasefire agreement in Ukraine in September of the same year, Ukraine decided in June 2015 to ban Russian flights to the country and to suspend the purchase of natural gas from Russia. In 2017, during the Donbass war, the Ukrainian war continued. Communities such as Marinka and Avdiivka in eastern Ukraine are among the most war-torn areas in the country.
Yemen has been involved in a civil war since 2015. The two sides are engaged in war, both of which claim to be legal Yemeni government. These are the forces associated with Ali Abdullah Saleh, based in Sana’a, and the forces loyal to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who is stationed in the port city of Aden. In order to make things go smoothly, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (or Islamic State) and the Al Qaeda of the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) also carried out a deadly attack in Yemen.
- The Democratic Republic of the Congo
There are ongoing conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (the Democratic Republic of the Congo), some of which began as early as the 1970s. These include guerrilla warfare of the Lord’s Resistance Army rebellion, the Batwa-Luba conflict, the Kivu conflict, and the Ituri conflict – although this has been defined as a “low-level conflict” since 2003. Due to the presence of armed groups, the US government is currently warning all travel to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Mexico may stand out on this list. Although the country is currently not involved in any formal war or civil war, the Mexican drug war remains one of the most deadly conflicts of the current era. The war has been officially carried out since 2006, and it is estimated that as many as 120,000 people have lost their lives. Others estimate that about 27,000 people have disappeared because of the war.
- The central African Republic
The Central African Republic is a landlocked African country that has long been involved in a series of military coups and insurgency against the national economy, causing widespread instability in the country. Currently, the country is in a civil war between the government forces and the Seleka rebel coalition. The war began on December 10, 2012, and witnessed the rapid growth of the Seleka rebels who were responsible for the murder of many towns and villages and thousands of innocent civilians.